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antigens [ENGLISH]

A part of a protein or other molecule that causes an immune response. Antigens are found in toxins, bacteria, molds, and viruses. They are also found on infected cells, proteins found on foreign blood cells (such as AB blood groups in transfusions), and, in some instances, proteins on the cells of transplanted organs. Antigens can induce the production of antibodies (immunoglobulins) and/or induce T lymphocytes to kill cells or suppress the immune response.

antigen [SWEDISH]

Ett antigen är ett för kroppen främmande ämne, som immunförsvaret reagerar på. Detta genom att bilda antikroppar som sedan kan aktivera vita blodkroppar som oskadliggör det främmande ämnet.


Resources and references

Definitions have been translated into the Swedish language from the following sources:

  1. 1. American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy Glossary
  2. 2. Clinical Trials Information System
  3. 3. EMA Glossary of Regulatory Terms
  4. 4. EMA Medical Terms simplifier
  5. 5. Glossary of Terms used in EU Clinical Trials Register
  6. 6. Glossary of Terms U.S Food and Drug Administration
  7. 7. National Human Genome Research Institute “Talking Glossary of Genomic and Genetic Terms”
  8. 8. The Glossary for Advanced Therapies Regen. Med. Dec 2020 Vol. 15 No. 12 Suppl. 1
  9. 9. Toolkit For Patient Focused Therapy Development Glossary

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