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chromosome [ENGLISH]

Long strings of genetic material made up of DNA and accessory proteins. The DNA contains approximately 30,000 to 100,000 genes that make up the human genome. Human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total), with the mother and the father each contributing one chromosome to each pair in their children.

kromosom [SWEDISH]

Kromosomerna är bärarna av arvsanlaget i varje cell. Bland bakterierna talar man ibland om kromosomal resistens, vilket innebär att de gener som kodar för resistensegenskapen sitter i kromosomerna och inte i så kallade plasmider.


Resources and references

Definitions have been translated into the Swedish language from the following sources:

  1. 1. American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy Glossary
  2. 2. Clinical Trials Information System
  3. 3. EMA Glossary of Regulatory Terms
  4. 4. EMA Medical Terms simplifier
  5. 5. Glossary of Terms used in EU Clinical Trials Register
  6. 6. Glossary of Terms U.S Food and Drug Administration
  7. 7. National Human Genome Research Institute “Talking Glossary of Genomic and Genetic Terms”
  8. 8. The Glossary for Advanced Therapies Regen. Med. Dec 2020 Vol. 15 No. 12 Suppl. 1
  9. 9. Toolkit For Patient Focused Therapy Development Glossary

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